A meeting was convened under the chairmanship of NITI CEO Aayog to review and discuss Coal India Limited’s mission to produce 1 billion tonnes of coal by 2025-2026. Coal remains India’s primary domestic fuel as well as the largest commodity transported across the country; thus, the extraction, supply and consumption of coal are central to the growth of the Indian economy.
With the impetus of the Ministry of Trade and Industry on the development of evacuation infrastructure and the work undertaken by the Ministry of Railways, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and the Ministry of Ports, Navigation and waterways in this direction, the coal production capacity is ahead of its domestic demand. In line with Prime Minister GatiShakti, the development of integrated infrastructure with coordinated efforts of all ministries responsible for infrastructure is at the heart of a further increase in coal production and disposal capacity through the multimodal connectivity.
As discussed at the meeting, rail remains the dominant mode of disposal for coal with the goal of increasing its modal share from 64% to 75% by 2030. To meet the increased shipping of coal in Chhattisgarh and Odisha, 14 railway infrastructure projects are being implemented in accordance with the principles of GatiShakti. The capacity of the railway line is adequately taken into account for the transport of coal until fiscal year 2026. In order to promote the production of coal by private companies, the railways have also taken measures such as the reduction of conversion fee from private siding to private freight terminal from Rs 1 Cr to Rs 10 Lac.
The Ministry of Railways has also developed a Freight Operations Information System (FOIS) to monitor the movement of freight trains, which also calculates freight and other charges. The Railway Information Systems Center (CRIS) also offers Commercial Freight Data Integration (FBDI) for the FOIS which can be used by customers for integration with their internal MIS networks.
A similar facility called the Port Community System (PCS) was developed by the Ministry of Shipping and Waterways to provide a platform for secure information exchange between government agencies, terminal operators and traders. Digitization in infrastructure ministries will help increase the country’s coal removal capacity.
In addition, with the advent of PM GatiShakti NMP, the status and type of roads (national highways / state highways / rural roads / PMGSY roads) describing the connectivity of the first and last mile of coal mines will also be accessible. at the Ministry of Coal and at the Ministry. roads, transport and highways to take the necessary integration and capacity building measures. The plan will holistically examine the necessary interventions to be taken to reduce the logistics costs for the removal of coal and thus lead to efficiency gains in the coal sector.
(With inputs to GDP)